Natural Fibre-Reinforced Composite for Ballistic Applications: A Review

Kazeem Olabisi Odesanya, Roslina Ahmad, Mohammad Jawaid, Sedat Bingol, Ganiyat Olusola Adebayo, Yew Hoong Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


The need to provide a better and stronger protection against various kinds of ballistic impacts and threats has necessitated the continuous exploration and utilization of high-performance fibres, especially those that are derived from renewable sources for ballistic applications. The development of ballistic protection materials with improved performance and low weight has received much concerns in the past few decades due to the rising cases of threats and insurgencies. Owing to the necessity of improving the ballistic performance of body armour and protective wears especially for military personnel, with a huge consideration for eco-friendly requirement, a review of relevant studies in this area is necessary. Present review article aims to present an overview of the progress and the outstanding advances that have been witnessed in the development of natural-based anti-ballistic composites in the past few years. The article covers the type and selection of the fibre/matrix, failure modes, Impact energy absorption and ballistic simulation of NFRCs. It also highlights the economic cost analysis of replacing synthetic fibres with natural ones in a ballistic composite, and the methods of enhancing the composites for high performance and greater ballistic efficiency. The utilization of natural fibres in PMCs have shown their great potentials as substitutes to the existing advanced fibrous materials that are mostly dominated by synthetic fibres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3795-3812
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Polymers and the Environment
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Ballistic applications
  • Natural fibres
  • Polymer Matrix Composites
  • Synthetic fibres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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