Nerolidol, a sesquiterpene, attenuates oxidative stress and inflammation in acetic acid-induced colitis in rats

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Targeting oxidative stress and inflammation by novel dietary compounds of natural origin convincingly appears to be one of the most important therapeutic strategies to keep inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as ulcerative colitis disease in remission. It is imperative to investigate naturally occuring plant-derived dietary phytochemicals that are receiving attention for their therapeutic benefits to overcome the debilitating conditions of IBD. In the present study, the effect of nerolidol (NRD), a monocyclic sesquiterpene found in German Chamomile tea, was investigated in acetic acid-induced colitis model in Wistar rats. NRD was orally administered at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day either for 3 days before or 30 min after induction of IBD for 7 days, after intrarectal administration of acetic acid. The body weight, macroscopic, and microscopic analyses of the colon in different experimental groups were observed on days 0, 2, 4, and 7. Acetic acid caused significant reduction in body weight and induced macroscopic and microscopic ulcer along with a significant decline of antioxidants, concomitant to increased malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker of lipid peroxidation, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, a marker of neutrophil activation. Treatment with NRD significantly improved IBD-induced reduction in body weight, improved histology, inhibited MDA formation, and restored antioxidants along with reduced MPO activity. Acetic acid also induced the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and increased calprotectin, released by neutrophils under inflammatory conditions. NRD treatment significantly reduced calprotectin and pro-inflammatory cytokines. NRD treatment showed potential to improve disease activity and inhibit oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, and inflammation along with histological preservation of the colon tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3497-3512
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular and cellular biochemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Acetic acid
  • Colitis
  • Inflammation
  • Nerolidol
  • Oxidative stress
  • Phytochemicals
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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