Concentrations of regulatory peptides in an extract of the intestine of the cyclostome, Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish), were measured by radioimmunoassay using 12 antisera of defined regional specificity that were raised against mammalian gastrointestinal peptides. The hagfish gut contained somatostatin-, cholecystokinin/gastrin-, C-terminal substance P-, and neurokinin A-like immunoreactivity in concentrations that were 10 to 100 times less than the corresponding concentrations in the rat intestine. The hagfish gut also contained glucagon-like immunoreactivity, measured with both C- and N-terminally directed antisera, but the immunoreactivity did not dilute in parallel with the porcine glucagon standard in radioimmunoassay. No immunoreactivity was detected using antisera to calcitonin gene-related peptide, gastrin-releasing peptide, neuromedin U, neurotensin, N-terminal substance P, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. The somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the hagfish gut was resolved by HPLC into components with the retention times of somatostatin-34 and somatostatin-14, previously isolated from the hagfish islet organ (relative abundance 2:1). The retention times of hagfish glucagon and of the multiple molecular forms of the tachykinin-like peptides were appreciably different from the retention times of the corresponding mammalian peptides.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology