Oximes are cholinesterase reactivators used in organophosphorus compound poisoning. The purpose of the study was to compare the protective effect of the K-oximes (K-27 and K-48) in male rats with that of obidoxime (LuH-6), trimedoxime (TMB-4), and HI-6, using paraoxon (POX) as a cholinesterase inhibitor. Pralidoxime (2-PAM) was also retested. Seven groups of six rats each were used. Group 1 (G1) received 1 μmol/rat POX (≈ LD75), the other groups (G2-7) received 1 μmol/rat POX + one of the six reactivators. The animals were monitored for 48 h and time of mortality was recorded. The procedure was repeated seven times. Subsequently, experiments as described were repeated using 10 and 15 μmol/rat POX. Mortality data were compared and hazards ratios (relative risks) ranked with the Cox proportional hazards model using the POX dose and group (reactivator) as time-independent covariables. K-27 followed by K-48 were the most potent reactivators. K-27 was statistically significantly superior to all other reactivators except K-48. The relative risk of death estimated by Cox analysis in K-27- and K-48-treated animals when compared with untreated animals, adjusted for the POX dose, was 0.22 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.15 to 0.31) and 0.26 (95% CI, 0.18 to 0.37), respectively. We concluded that in the animal model used K-27 and K-48 are superior to older oximes in their ability to protect from paraoxon effects. They should be tested further using methyl- and propyl-organophosphates as toxic agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis