Nonempirical density-functional theory for van der Waals interactions

Axel D. Becke, Alya A. Arabi, Felix O. Kannemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


In previous work, Kannemann and Becke [J. Chem. Theory Comput. 5, 719 (2009) and J. Chem. Theory Comput. 6, 1081 (2010)] have demonstrated that the generalized gradient approximations (GGAs) of Perdew and Wang for exchange [Phys. Rev. B 33, 8800 (1986)] and Perdew, Burke, and Ernzerhof for correlation [Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996)], plus the dispersion density functional of Becke and Johnson [J. Chem. Phys. 127, 154108 (2007)], comprise a nonempirical density-functional theory of high accuracy for thermochemistry and van der Waals complexes. The theory is nonempirical except for two universal cutoff parameters in the dispersion energy. Our calculations so far have been grid-based and have employed the local density approximation (LDA) for the orbitals. In this work, we employ orbitals from self-consistent GGA calculations using Gaussian basis sets. The results, on a benchmark set of 65 van der Waals complexes, are similar to our grid-based post-LDA results. This work sets the stage for van der Waals force computations and geometry optimizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1062
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 5 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Density-functional theory
  • Dispersion interactions
  • Van der Waals interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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