Numerical Analysis of Concrete Deep Beams Reinforced with Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bars

Amena Sheikh-Sobeh, Nancy Kachouh, Tamer El-Maaddawy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This research aimed to generate data through a verified numerical model. The data were subsequently used to introduce a simplified analytical expression for the prediction of the shear strength of concrete deep beams reinforced with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcing bars. A three-dimensional (3D) numerical simulation model for a large-scale GFRP-reinforced concrete deep beam (300 × 1200 × 5000 mm) was developed and validated against published experimental data. A parametric study was then conducted to examine the effects of key variables on the behavior and shear strength of GFRP-reinforced concrete deep beams. Eighteen 3D numerical models were developed to study the interaction between the concrete compressive strength (f’c), the shear span-to-depth ratio (a/h), the spacing between web reinforcement (s), and the shear strength. The a/h value was either 1.0 or 1.5. The values of f’c were 28, 37, and 50 MPa. The spacings between the web reinforcement, if present, were 100 and 200 mm. The results of the parametric study indicated that the shear strength of deep beam models increased almost linearly with an increase in f’c and a decrease in the stirrup spacing irrespective of the value of a/h. The strength reduction caused by increasing a/h was more pronounced for the beam models with the lower f’c and greater stirrup spacing. The simplified analytical expression introduced in the present study provided a reasonable prediction for the shear strength of GFRP-reinforced concrete deep beams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2767
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • GFRP
  • analysis
  • deep beams
  • numerical
  • shear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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