Numerical investigation of open cavities with parallel insulated baffles

Gokulavani Palaniappan, Muthtamilselvan Murugan, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal, Bahaaeldin Abdalla, Deog Hee Doh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This research reports the outcome of a numerical investigation of convection in ventilation square cavities contains parallel insulated baffles. The left and right walls of the cavity are kept at the high temperature. Whereas the top, bottom cavity walls, parallel baffles are adiabatic. The opening slots are positioned at the top, bottom corners of the hot vertical walls. The governing Navier-Stokes equations are formulated in the form of vorticity- stream functions. The finite difference method is used to find the values of the primitive variables. The effects of baffles size (Sb - 0.25, 0.50, 0.75), 3 various positions of the parallel baffle, Rayleigh number (103 - 106), Reynolds number (30, 300, 600) are discussed with the flow fields, isotherms, and Nusselt number. It is found that the behavior of ventilation cavities does not only depend on the size of the baffles and its positions. It highly depends on the configuration of the ventilation cavity too. Further, the flow fields are restricted by the largest baffles size of Sb = 0.75.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-621
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Convection
  • Finite difference method
  • Heat transfer
  • Parallel baffles
  • Ventilation cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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