Numerical investigation on the wear characteristics of hip implant under static loading

Jaber E. Abu Qudeiri, Asarudheen Abdudeen, Mini Rema Sahadevan, Anantha Padmanabhan M

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Modern hip arthroplasty still faces the issue of wear in the articulating surface and wear induced debris. Thus, the design of hip implant is highly important for its longevity. Experimental demonstration of wear in hip implant involves both time and cost and, in this regard, finite element analysis acts as a suitable alternative. In this work, the wear characteristics of design modified and surface modified femoral head is studied. Femoral head is assumed to be made of Ti6Al4V and liner material is taken as UHMWPE. Design of the femoral head is modified by providing grooves on the femoral head as well as by providing an additional liner on the femoral head surface. Surface of the femoral head is modified with square or circular dimples. This work involves the development of femoral head model and its simulation using ANSYS under static load condition to get the contact pressure and sliding distance. Modified Archard's wear equation uses the contact stress and sliding distance to determine the wear volume produced per year and the obtained results are compared with that in the available literature. The study shows that the wear rate reduced up to 10% by surface modification and 3% by design modifications.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere26151
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 29 2024

Keywords

  • Artificial hip implant
  • Contact pressure
  • Design modification
  • Surface modification
  • Wear analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Numerical investigation on the wear characteristics of hip implant under static loading'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this