Occupations under fire: The labour market in a complex emergency

Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Anne Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the impact of conflict-induced population displacement on urban labour markets. Data from over 900 working-age individuals in Sudan indicates that long-term urban residents in conflict areas have a higher probability of being employed in skilled sectors relative to similar individuals in a non-conflict city and a lower likelihood of becoming unemployed. Recent arrivals to the conflict city, however, are much more likely to become unemployed. The data also show that young women entering the labour market during the conflict are less likely to be unemployed in the conflict city. This is consistent with a framework where war-induced population displacement from rural to urban areas generates demand for services provided by higher-skill workers and increased competition for low-skill jobs. The data show that household wealth of long-term residents decreases in conflict zones. Negative wealth effects are smaller for those more dependent on skilled sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-714
Number of pages28
JournalOxford Economic Papers
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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