Occurrence of hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, and celiac disease in emirati children with down’s syndrome

Yousef Abdulrazzaq, Tarek I. El-Azzabi, Sania M. Al Hamad, Salima Attia, Asma Deeb, Elhadi H. Aburawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Autoimmune diseases are known to occur in people with Down’s syndrome (DS), especially celiac disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), and hypothyroidism. Since there are common genetic risk factors involved in the occurrence of these autoimmune disorders, the risks would differ in different populations. We sought to determine the prevalence of type 1 DM, celiac disease, and hypothyroidism in Emirati patients with DS in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Methods: Ninety-two patients with DS were investigated for the presence of anti-thyroid antibodies, antithyroglobulin, and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies for hypothyroidism, anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies for type 1 DM, and anti-tissue transglutaminase immunoglobulin A antibodies for celiac disease. Results: Karyotyping was performed on 89 patients. Eighty-seven had non-disjunction of chromosome 21 (97.8%), one was a mosaic, and one had translocation. Of the patients studied, 19.6% had hypothyroidism, 4.3% had type 1 DM, and 1.1% had celiac disease. Out of the 92 patients studied, 66 (71.7%) did not have any autoimmune disease, 25 (27.2%) had one autoimmune disease, and one (1.1%) had two autoimmune diseases. Conclusions: Celiac disease was the least prevalent autoimmune disease in patients with DS patients, while type 1 DM and hypothyroidism were both significantly associated with DS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-392
Number of pages6
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


  • Celiac disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Down syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
  • United arab emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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