On a class of new and practical performance indexes for approximation of fold bifurcations of nonlinear power flow equations

Ke Chen, Anwar Hussein, Hai Bin Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Efficient measurement of the performance index (the distance of a loading parameter from the voltage collapse point) is one of the key problems in power system operations and planning and such an index indicates the severity of a power system with regard to voltage collapse. There exist many interesting methods and ideas to compute this index. However, some successful methods are not yet mathematically justified while other mathematically sound methods are often proposed directly based on the bifurcation theory and they require the initial stationary state to be too close to the unknown turning point to make the underlying methods practical. This paper first gives a survey of several popular methods for estimating the fold bifurcation point including the continuation methods, bifurcation methods and the test function methods (Seydel's direct solution methods, the tangent vector methods and the reduced Jacobian method) and discuss their relative advantages and problems. Test functions are usually based on scaling of the determinant of the Jacobian matrix and it is generally not clear how to determine the behaviour of such functions. As the underlying nonlinear equations are of a particular type, this allows us to do a new analysis of the determinants of the Jacobian and its submatrices in this paper. Following the analysis, we demonstrate how to construct a class of test functions with a predictable analytical behaviour so that a suitable index can be produced. Finally, examples of two test functions from this class are proposed. For several standard IEEE test systems, promising numerical results have been achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-141
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Bifurcation
  • Nonlinear equations
  • Performance index
  • Power systems
  • Singularity
  • Test functions
  • Turning points

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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