On the complexity of smart buildings occupant behavior: Risks and opportunities

Sanja Lazarova-Molnar, Nader Mohamed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)


Smart buildings are run by Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), termed as Building Management Systems (BMS). Typical goals for the operation of BMS are increasing occupant comfort and decreasing buildings energy consumption. The central and critical figure, however, for achieving both goals are buildings' occupants. In some BMS, occupants have a high level of interaction with the system, whereas in others this is limited to a large extent, barring occupants from even opening windows. Every interaction, however, is a form of feedback, which in some cases poses a risk, whereas in others, it is an opportunity to discover issues in the system. In this paper we aim to emphasize the complexity of buildings' occupants' behaviour and interactions with BMS. We further aim to identify the risks and opportunities that these interactions pose with respect to the circumstances that lead to them and their impact towards achieving BMS' goals. We, furthermore, provide classification of occupant interactions based on their circumstances and relate this to their meanings with respect to BMS goals.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th Balkan Conference in Informatics, BCI 2017
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450352857
Publication statusPublished - Sept 20 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event8th Balkan Conference in Informatics, BCI 2017 - Skopje, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Duration: Sept 20 2017Sept 23 2017

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series
VolumePart F130953


Other8th Balkan Conference in Informatics, BCI 2017
Country/TerritoryMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of


  • Classification
  • Occupant Behavior
  • Opportunities
  • Risks
  • Smart buildings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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