Online collaborative note-taking and discussion forums in flipped learning environments

Mik Fanguy, Jamie Costley, Norah Almusharraf, Asma Almusharraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


As the number of students learning in online and flipped contexts grows, an important question arises: to what extent is it necessary to have places or activities where students interact regarding course content? The present paper looked at three flipped learning environments: one with no online collaboration, one featuring an online discussion forum and one involving online collaborative note-taking. The subjects (N = 178) were all graduate students taking a flipped version of an English scientific writing class at a university in South Korea. The results show that students in the experimental conditions with online collaboration (collaborative note-taking and discussion forums) outperformed peers in the control condition (no online collaboration) on individual writing assignments. Furthermore, there was a benefit in the experimental condition with discussion forums regarding students’ group writing scores compared to the control group. These results show the value of implementing online student-to-student collaboration in flipped learning contexts and that both modes of collaboration tested herein add value to students’ learning. Implications for practice or policy: • Incorporating online collaborative learning activities improves performance in flipped courses. • Using collaborative forums and collaborative note-taking provide similar benefits. and their implementation will improve the online portion of a flipped class. • Flipped classes generally include an online lecture component but should also feature online collaboration as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-158
Number of pages17
JournalAustralasian Journal of Educational Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • collaborative note-taking
  • collaborative writing
  • flipped instruction
  • online discussion forums
  • online learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Online collaborative note-taking and discussion forums in flipped learning environments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this