Optimization of A2O BNR processes using ASM and EAWAG Bio-P models: Model performance

Walid E. El Shorbagy, Nawras N. Radif, Ronald L. Droste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the performance of an optimization model for a biological nutrient removal (BNR) system using the anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A 2O) process. The formulated model simulates removal of organics, nitrogen, and phosphorus using a reduced International Water Association (IWA) Activated Sludge Model #3 (ASM3) model and a Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology (EAWAG) Bio-P module. Optimal sizing is attained considering capital and operational costs. Process performance is evaluated against the effect of influent conditions, effluent limits, and selected parameters of various optimal solutions with the following results: an increase of influent temperature from 10 °C to 25 °C decreases the annual cost by about 8.5% , an increase of influent flow from 500 to 2500 m 3/h triples the annual cost, the A2O BNR system is more sensitive to variations in influent ammonia than phosphorus concentration and the maximum growth rate of autotrophic biomass was the most sensitive kinetic parameter in the optimization model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2271-2284
Number of pages14
JournalWater Environment Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • ASM
  • Activated sludge model
  • Anaerobic-anoxic-oxic biological nutrient removal system
  • EAWAG Bio-P
  • Modeling
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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