Orbit Propagation and Determination using Genetic Algorithms

Shamma Esmaeel Jamali, Mohammad Mehedy Masud

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In order to operate effectively, the orbital parameters of the satellite are essential, to estimate satellite position over the previous and in the near future. For the planning of satellite missions and for linking satellite location data to accurate geographical locations, such knowledge is essential. However, determining satellite orbits poses a significant challenge for small to medium satellite operators lacking the necessary tracking infrastructure. These organizations often rely on third-party services like Celestrak, which offer orbital information but may not provide it with the required frequency. Moreover, in the initial stages of a mission, especially when multiple satellites are launched together, it becomes challenging to attribute specific orbital parameters to individual satellites within tshe group. This ambiguity hampers mission planning and monitoring efforts. To address these challenges, this research presents an approach to tackle the problem of orbital parameter determination by leveraging Global Positioning System (GPS) data, and artificial intelligence, specifically genetic algorithms, to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of orbit determination algorithms and orbit propagation techniques, thus enabling small and medium satellite operators to reliably obtain vital orbital parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 15th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology, IIT 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages13-19
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9798350382396
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event15th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology, IIT 2023 - Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Nov 14 2023Nov 15 2023

Publication series

Name2023 15th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology, IIT 2023

Conference

Conference15th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology, IIT 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
CityAl Ain
Period11/14/2311/15/23

Keywords

  • Genetic Algorithm
  • Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • Orbit Determination Algorithms
  • Orbit Propagation
  • Orbital Parameters
  • Satellite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems

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