Out-of-plane behaviour of in-plane damaged masonry infills strengthened using fibre reinforced matrix

N. Ismail, T. El-Maaddawy, N. Khattak, K. Q. Walsh, J. M. Ingham

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Buildings constructed of reinforced concrete frames with masonry infill (RCFMI) are comprised of unreinforced masonry walls that are tightly infilled into the space between the reinforced concrete frames. Poor seismic performance of RCFMI buildings has been observed during past earthquakes and it has been repeatedly acknowledged that damage to masonry infills, in many cases, restricted the subsequent use of the buildings despite the main frames having sustained no more than minor structural damage. Partial or complete out-of-plane (OOP) collapse of masonry infills has also been frequently observed following large earthquakes, often causing collateral damage to surrounding properties and injuries to passers-by. Despite these concerns, limited literature exists on the residual OOP strength of in-plane (IP) damaged infill walls, particularly those that have been strengthened using fibre reinforced matrix (FRCM) prior to the earthquake. Therefore, an experimental program was undertaken to evaluate the residual OOP capacity of IP damaged FRCM strengthened infill walls constructed using un-grouted unreinforced hollow core concrete masonry. A total of eight single bay RCFMI assemblies were constructed, including one non-retrofitted control specimen and with the remainder strengthened by applying diagonally oriented FRCM bands with varying widths onto both wall faces. The variables investigated were FRCM type and width of the applied FRCM band. The RCFMI assemblies were subjected to reversed cyclic displacement-controlled IP loading gradually increasing to 1% storey drift, to develop damage that would be expected from a moderate earthquake. The IP damaged RCFMI assemblies were then subjected to gradually increasing OOP loading to assess their residual capacity. Performance metrics that were observed and measured included observed damage patterns, failure mechanisms, force-displacement response, displacement ductility, and stiffness characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2200-2216
Number of pages17
JournalProceedings of the International Masonry Society Conferences
Issue number222279
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event10th International Masonry Conference,IMC 2018 - Milan, Italy
Duration: Jul 9 2018Jul 11 2018


  • Damaged
  • Fibre reinforced
  • Infill
  • Matrix
  • Out-of-plane
  • Residual
  • Strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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