The study was undertaken to investigate the oxidation and reduction of cholecystokinin (CCK) both as pure standards and as endogenous porcine peptides. Furthermore an attempt was made to prevent oxidation of the endogenous porcine peptides in the extraction procedure. CCK-8 and CCK-33 standards were always oxidized in weak solutions, CCK-8 varying from 26% to 67% oxidized and CCK-33 from 18% to 70%. Similarly, tissue extracts of porcine brain and duodenum contained oxidized forms of the peptide. CCK standards were readily oxidized in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Oxidized CCK-8 standard and CCK-8 in porcine brain was 90% reduced and oxidized CCK-33 standard and in duodenal extracts was reduced by 70% by a 40 hour incubation with 0.725 mol/l dithiothreitol at 37°C. Extraction of CCK peptides in the presence of 65 mmol/l dithiothreitol resulted in almost complete prevention of oxidation with over 95% of the peptides being obtained in the reduced state. This additive is therefore recommended for all tissue quantitation studies.
- Cholecystokinin (CCK)
- Isocratic reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)
- Methionine sulfoxide
- Peptide oxidation
- Specific radioimmunoassay
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience