Pattern of distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the dorsal root ganglion of animal models of diabetes mellitus

Ernest Adeghate, Hameed Rashed, Satyan Rajbandari, Jaipaul Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examined the pattern of distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of normal and diabetic Wistar, Zucker lean, and Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats to determine whether there are changes in the number and pattern of distribution of CGRP-positive neurons after the onset of latent or overt diabetes. Type 1 diabetes mellitus was induced in Wistar rats by a single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) given intraperitoneally (60 mg/kg body weight). Four weeks after the induction of diabetes mellitus, diabetic (n = 6) and normal (n = 6), Zucker lean (n = 6), and GK (n = 6) rats were anesthetized with chloral hydrate and their DRGs were removed and processed for immunohistochemistry. CGRP-positive neurons were observed in the DRG of normal and diabetic Wistar, Zucker lean (nondiabetic), and GK (animal model of type 2 diabetes) rats. CGRP was present in small-, medium-, and large-sized neurons of the DRG in these three animal models. Only a small percentage of large-sized neurons contains CGRP. The number of CGRP-positive neurons was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in STZ-induced diabetic Wistar and GK rats compared to normal Wistar and Zucker lean rats. Moreover, the quantity of CGRP-containing varicose nerves was less in diabetic Wistar and GK rats compared to control Wistar and Zucker lean rats. The reduced number of CGRP-positive neurons in the DRG of GK rats indicated that subjects with latent diabetes may already have dysfunctional CGRP metabolism and thus diabetic neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDiabetes Mellitus and Its Complications
Subtitle of host publicationMolecular Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Clinical Medicine
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Inc.
Pages296-303
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)1573316350, 9781573316354
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1084
ISSN (Print)0077-8923
ISSN (Electronic)1749-6632

Keywords

  • CGRP
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Goto-Kakizaki
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Rat
  • Spinal ganglion
  • Wistar
  • Zucker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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