Perceived self-efficacy of students and its influence on attitudes and knowledge about HIV/AIDS in Ghana

Maxwell Peprah Opoku, Elvis Agyei-Okyere, William Nketsia, Eric Lawer Torgbenu, Emmanuel Opoku Kumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Globally, human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV) and its accompanying acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) have long been a public health threat due to the high death toll and the various effects on individuals and societies. Unfortunately, in developing countries such as Ghana, persons living with HIV/AIDS are victims of discrimination and rejection and are often excluded from social activities. Consequently, there is a need for mitigation strategies aimed at reducing the spread of the disease. Indeed, in human society, beliefs are fundamental to understanding people's intentions towards a given phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to assess students' perceived self-efficacy, attitude towards and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. In this study, Bandura's self-efficacy theory was used as a framework to assess the relationship between students' perceived self-efficacy, attitude towards and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. A total of 342 students of at least 15 years old were recruited from junior and senior high schools and a public university to complete two scales: the general self-efficacy and attitude and knowledge about HIV/AIDS scales. While there was a positive correlation among self-efficacy, attitude and knowledge, attitude and knowledge combined to predict self-efficacy. The limitations of the study, recommendations for future research and policy implications are discussed herein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-769
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Health Planning and Management
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • attitude
  • discrimination
  • HIV/AIDS
  • self-efficacy
  • students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perceived self-efficacy of students and its influence on attitudes and knowledge about HIV/AIDS in Ghana'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this