Performance investigation of a salt gradient solar pond coupled with desalination facility near the Dead Sea

A. Saleh, J. A. Qudeiri, M. A. Al-Nimr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


Solar ponds provide the most convenient and least expensive option for heat storage for daily and seasonal cycles. This is particularly important for a desalination facility, if steady and constant water production is required. If, in addition to high storage capacity, other favorable conditions exist, the salt gradient solar ponds (SGSPs) are expected to be able to carry the entire load of a large-scale flash desalination plants without dependence upon supplementary sources. This paper presents a performance investigation of a SGSP coupled with desalination plant under Jordanian climatic conditions. This is particularly convenient in the Dead Sea region characterized by high solar radiation intensities, high ambient temperature most of the year, and by the availability of high concentration brine. It was found that a 3000m2 solar pond installed near the Dead Sea is able to provide an annual average production rate of 4.3Lmin-1 distilled water compared with 3.3Lmin-1 that would be produced by El Paso solar pond, which has the same surface area. Based on this study, solar ponds appear to be a feasible and an appropriate technology for water desalination near the Dead Sea in Jordan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-931
Number of pages10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Performance ratio
  • Production rate
  • Salt gradient solar pond
  • Solar desalination
  • Thermal efficiency
  • Thermal extraction rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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