Performance of the imerg precipitation products over high-latitudes region of Finland

Mohammed T. Mahmoud, Safa A. Mohammed, Mohamed A. Hamouda, Miikka Dal Maso, Mohamed M. Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Highly accurate and real-time estimation of precipitation over large areas remains a funda-mental challenge for the hydrological and meteorological community. This is primarily attributed to the high heterogeneity of precipitation across temporal and spatial scales. Rapid developments in remote sensing technologies have made the quantitative measurement of precipitation by satellite sensors a significant data source. The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission makes precipitation data with high temporal and spatial resolutions available to different users. The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of Integrated Multi-satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) V06 (Early, Late, and Final) satellite precipitation products (SPPs) at high latitudes. Ground-based observation data across Finland were used as a reference and compared with IMERG data from 2014 to 2019. Three aspects were evaluated: the spatial coverage of the satellite estimates over Finland; the accuracy of the satellite estimates at various temporal scales (half-hourly, daily, and monthly); and the variation in the performance of SPPs over different spatial regions. The results showed that IMERG SPPs can be used with high confidence over Southern, Eastern, and Western Finland. These SPPs can be used with caution over the region of the historical province of Oulu but are not recommended for higher latitudes over Lapland. In general, the IMERG-Final SPP performed the best, and it is recommended for use because of its low number of errors and high correlation with ground observation. Furthermore, this SPP can be used to complement or substitute ground precipitation measurements in ungauged and poorly gauged regions in Southern Finland.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2073
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2021


  • Finland
  • GPM
  • High-latitudes
  • Satellite precipitation products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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