Perinatal predictors of postpartum depression: Results of a retrospective comparative study

Jolanta Banasiewicz, Kornelia Zaręba, Małgorzata Bińkowska, Hanna Rozenek, Stanisław Wójtowicz, Grzegorz Jakiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Postpartum mood disorders occur in a considerable number of women with the most common postpartum disorder being baby blues. The study aimed at the identification of the risk factors present before delivery, which may be comprised in prophylactic programs concerning postpartum mood disorders. The research material includes data retrieved from the medical record of patients delivering in Warsaw in the years 2010–2017 who routinely completed Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) after delivery. Data of 604 patients were analyzed. The study group included 75 women who obtained at least 12 points in EPDS, which constituted 12.4% of the whole group (mean = 14.92, SD = 3.05). The control group was made up of 75 women who obtained no more than 5 points in EPDS. A significant correlation was reported between the parity and their order vs. the risk of developing postpartum mood disorders. Women with an increased risk delivered at about 37 gestational weeks, while women in whom the risk of such disorders was low delivered at about 39 gestational weeks. No increased risk was noted in women with premature rupture of membranes. Primigravidas and women who delivered prematurely were the most predisposed to developing postpartum depression and should undergo screening tests in the perinatal period.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2952
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Baby blues
  • EDPS
  • Perinatal predictors of depression
  • Postpartum depression
  • Postpartum mood disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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