Personal Activity Intelligence and Ischemic Heart Disease in a Healthy Population: China Kadoorie Biobank Study

Pål Hammer, Atefe R. Tari, Barry A. Franklin, Chi Pang Wen, Ulrik Wisløff, Javaid Nauman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Personal Activity Intelligence (PAI) is a physical activity metric that translates heart rate during physical activity into a simple score, where a weekly score of 100 or greater is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Here, we prospectively investigated the association between PAI and ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in a large healthy population from China. Methods: Using data from the China Kadoorie Biobank, we studied 443,792 healthy adults (60% women). The weekly PAI score of each participant was estimated based on the questionnaire data and divided into four groups (PAI scores of 0, ≤50, 51–99, or ≥100). Adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for fatal IHD and nonfatal myocardial infraction (MI) related to PAI were estimated using Cox proportional hazard regression analyses. Results: There were 3050 IHD deaths and 1808 MI events during a median follow-up of 8.2 years (interquartile range, 7.3–9.1; 3.6 million person-years). After adjustments for multiple confounders, a weekly PAI score ≥ 100 was associated with a lower risk of IHD (aHR: 0.91 (95% CI: 0.83–1.00)), compared with the inactive group (0 PAI). The corresponding aHR for MI was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.83–1.05). In participants aged 60 years or older at baseline, the aHR associated with a weekly PAI score ≥ 100 was 0.84 (95% CI, 0.75–0.93) for IHD and 0.84 (95% CI, 0.73–0.98) for MI. Conclusion: Among healthy Chinese adults, a weekly PAI score of 100 or greater was associated with a lower risk of IHD mortality across all age groups; moreover, a high PAI score significantly lowered the risk of MI but only in those 60 years and older at baseline. The present findings extend the scientific evidence that PAI may have prognostic significance in diverse settings for IHD outcomes and suggest that the PAI metric may be useful in delineating the magnitude of weekly physical activity needed to reduce the risk of IHD mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6552
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Personal Activity Intelligence
  • activity metric
  • exercise
  • ischemic heart disease
  • myocardial infarction
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Personal Activity Intelligence and Ischemic Heart Disease in a Healthy Population: China Kadoorie Biobank Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this