Petrogenesis of the Wadi El-Faliq Gabbroic Intrusion in the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt: Implications for Neoproterozoic Post-Collisional Magmatism Associated with the Najd Fault System

Shehata Ali, Rainer Abart, M. I. Sayyed, Christoph A. Hauzenberger, Mabrouk Sami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The late Neoproterozoic gabbroic intrusion of the Wadi El-Faliq area in the central Eastern Desert of Egypt (north Arabian–Nubian Shield; henceforth, ANS) is a fresh, undeformed elliptical body elongated in a NW–SE trend following the main sinistral strike-slip faults of the Najd fault system. Mineralogical and geochemical evidence suggest that they were derived from hydrous tholeiitic mafic magmas with arc-like geochemical fingerprints resembling the post-collisional gabbroic intrusions in Saudi Arabia. Despite the arc-like signatures, their fresh and undeformed nature, together with the field relationships, indicates that the studied gabbroic intrusion post-dates the main collisional phase, supporting its emplacement after subduction ceased and during the post-collisional stage. As a result, the arc-like signatures were possibly transmitted from the earlier ANS subduction episode. Indeed, the high (La/Sm)N, and negative-Nb and positive-Pb anomalies suggest contributions from subduction components. Lithospheric delamination was possibly facilitated by the Najd faults and shear zones formed during the post-orogenic crustal extension associated with the Pan-African orogenic collapse. The delamination process could have generated a rapid upwelling and melting of the asthenosphere mantle. The melt-rock reaction process likely played an important role in the genesis of the studied rocks through the interaction of the asthenosphere melts with lithosphere mantle rocks during ascent. The HREE fractionation suggests a probable mixing between melts from both spinel- and garnet-bearing peridotites. We suggest that the Wadi El-Faliq gabbroic intrusion was likely emplaced due to the stretching and thinning of the lithosphere during the extensional tectonism following the Pan-African orogeny.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalMinerals
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • arc-like magmatism
  • central Eastern Desert
  • Egypt
  • hornblende gabbro
  • Najd fault system
  • post-collisional extension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

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