Phenolic compounds in rosaceae fruits from Ecuador

Catalina Vasco, Kaisu Riihinen, Jenny Ruales, Afaf Kamal-Eldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)


RP-HPLC-DAD was used to study the content of phenolic compounds in four Ecuadorian fruits (strawberry, Andean blackberry, plum, and capulf cherry). Compounds were identified using spectral characteristics of representative standards and reference samples. Further, LC-MS with MS/MS was used to confirm molecular assignments in previously unstudied capulf cherry. Gallic acid was detected in Andean blackberry, and galloyl esters were detected in strawberries. Both these berries contained ellagic acid derivatives as major compounds, followed by anthocyanins, cyanidin, and pelargonidin glycosides. Plums and capulf cherry showed similar profiles of phenolic compounds, with chlorogenic and neochlorogenic acids being the most important hydroxycinnamates. (-)-Epicatechin was found in high amounts in Andean blackberry, plums, and capulf cherry, while (+)-catechin was only found in capulf cherry. Proanthocyanidins were major compounds in all fruits, and all contained considerable amounts of quercetin derivatives and smaller amounts of kaempferol derivatives. LC-MS analysis of capulf cherry revealed dimeric and trimeric procyanidins, quercetin and kaempferol hexosides and pentosides, and a kaempferol-O,C-dipentoside.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1212
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Andean blackberry
  • Capulf cherry
  • Ecuador
  • Phenolic compounds
  • Plum
  • Rosaceae
  • Strawberry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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