Photocatalytic CO2 reduction and kinetic study over In/TiO 2 nanoparticles supported microchannel monolith photoreactor

Muhammad Tahir, Noraishah Saidina Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a microchannel monolith photoreactor was investigated for photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2O in gaseous phase using TiO2 and indium doped TiO2 nanoparticles. Effects of operating parameters such as monolith geometry, reaction temperature, indium loading and feed ratios were investigated to maximize yield rates. CO and CH4 were the main products with maximum yield rates being 962 and 55.40 μmol g-catal.-1 h-1, respectively and selectivity being 94.39 and 5.44%, respectively. The performance of the photoreactor for CO production was in the order of In/TiO2-monolith (962 μmol g-catal.-1 h-1) > TiO2-monolith (43 μmol g-catal.-1 h-1) > TiO2-SS cell (5.2 μmol g-catal.-1 h-1). More importantly, the quantum efficiency in microchannel monolith reactor was much higher (0.10%) than that of the cell type reactor (0.0005%) and previously reported internally illuminated monolith reactor (0.012%). The significantly improved quantum efficiency indicated photon energy was efficiently utilized in the microchannel monolith reactor. A simple kinetic model based on Langmuir-Hinshelwood model, developed to incorporate coupled effect of adsorptive photocatalytic reduction and oxidation process, fitted-well with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-496
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • CO reduction
  • In/TiO nanoparticles
  • Kinetic model
  • Monolith photoreactor
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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