Photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2 as reductant over copper and indium co-doped TiO2 nanocatalysts in a monolith photoreactor

Muhammad Tahir, Noraishah Saidina Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2 over copper (Cu) and indium (In) co-doped TiO2 nanocatalysts in a monolith photoreactor has been investigated. The catalysts, prepared via modified sol-gel method, were dip-coated onto the monolith channels. The structure and properties of nanocatalysts with various metal and co-metal doping levels were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption, XPS, and UV-vis spectroscopy. The anatase-phase mesoporous TiO2, with Cu and In deposited as Cu+ and In3+ ions over TiO2, suppressed photogenerated electron-hole pair recombination. CO was the major photoreduction product with a maximum yield rate of 6540 μmol g-1 h-1 at 99.27% selectivity and 9.57% CO2 conversion over 1.0 wt% Cu-3.5 wt% In co-doped TiO2 at 120 °C and CO2/H2 ratio of 1.5. The photoactivity of Cu-In co-doped TiO2 monolithic catalyst for CO production was 3.23 times higher than a single ion (In)-doped TiO2 and 113 times higher than un-doped TiO2. The performance of the monolith photoreactor for CO production over Cu-In co-doped TiO2 catalyst was 12-fold higher than the cell-type photoreactor. More importantly, the quantum efficiency of the monolith photoreactor was significantly improved over Cu-In co-doped TiO2 nanocatalyst using H2 as a reductant. The stability of the monolithic Cu-In co-doped TiO2 catalyst for CO partially reduced after the third run, but retained for hydrocarbons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-102
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume493
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalyst stability
  • CO reduction
  • H reductant
  • Metal-doped TiO
  • Monolithic support
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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