Physical and thermal properties of microwave-dried wood lumber impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin

H. P.S.Abdul Khalil, P. Amouzgar, M. Jawaid, C. K. Abdullah, A. M. Issam, E. S. Zainudin, M. T. Paridah, A. Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, microwave-dried oil palm trunk core lumber was impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin using high pressure vacuum chamber. The impregnation of oil palm trunk core lumber was performed under 3 bar pressure and cured in an oven at 150â for 2 h. The impregnation of oil palm trunk core lumber was carried out at different time intervals (15, 30, 60, 90, 120 min) to obtain different density lumber and compared with microwave-dried oil palm trunk core lumber and rubberwood. The physical and thermal properties of microwave-dried oil palm trunk core lumber, impregnated oil palm trunk core lumber and rubberwood were studied. In general, the impregnated oil palm trunk core lumber obtained better physical properties than microwave dried oil palm trunk core lumber but slightly lower than rubberwood. The thermal stability of oil palm trunk core lumber was analyzed by using thermogravimetric analysis and it shows that rubberwood exhibited better thermal stability than impregnated oil palm trunk core lumber.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3565-3571
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Volume47
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • impregnation
  • Oil palm trunk core lumber
  • physical properties
  • thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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