Physicochemical properties of antifungal drug-cyclodextrin complexes prepared by supercritical carbon dioxide and by conventional techniques

Ali H. Al-Marzouqi, Hanan M. Elwy, Ihsan Shehadi, Abdu Adem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)


Antifungal drugs are the most common systemic drugs used for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis, which is the first symptom of HIV infection. However, the efficacy and bioavailability of these drugs have been limited by their poor aqueous solubility and dissolution rate. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different preparation methods (i.e. kneading, coevaporation, sealed-heating, and a solid inclusion technique using supercritical carbon dioxide carrier (SC CO2-inclusion)) for obtaining solid inclusion complexes between β-cyclodextrin and three antifungal drugs (itraconazole, econazole, and fluconazole). The physicochemical properties of the different products were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD). For the complexes prepared by the SC CO2-inclusion method, the effects of temperature and pressure have also been investigated. Results suggested the possibility of complex formation between β-cyclodextrin and the three antifungal agents, and indicated that inclusion formation was influenced by the preparation technique. SC CO2-inclusion method proved to be an effective technique for preparing solid-state inclusion complexes between β-cyclodextrin and antifungal drugs, avoiding the use of organic solvents. Moreover, temperature of the SC CO2 played a major role in promoting drug-carrier interactions, whereas pressure had limited effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 20 2009


  • Econazole
  • Fluconazole
  • Itraconazole
  • Supercritical CO
  • β-Cyclodextrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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