Background: The mechanism of the teratogenicity of vigabatrin (VGB) is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine the placental transfer of VGB and to evaluate the effect of VGB on maternal, placental, and fetal concentrations of amino acids. Methods: A single dose of 400 mg/kg VGB in physiological saline was administered intraperitoneally to a group of Theiler outbred (TO) mice on gestational day (GD) 10. The controls received a proportionate volume of saline. Maternal blood samples, embryos, and placentas were collected at 3.5, 6.0, and 9.0 hr after treatment and their total amino acid concentrations determined in an ion-exchange amino acid analyzer. Results: At 3.5 hr, there was a decrease in concentrations of some amino acids in the blood, placenta, and embryos of VGB-treated mice, but the decrease in methionine was most marked. γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was significantly higher in the VGB group in both the embryos and the placentas at 3.5 hr but at 6.0 and 9.0 hr the differences were not significant. Vigabatrin levels were higher in the placenta than in the embryo at 3.5 hr, but at 6.0 hr there was an overlap of the VGB peak with that of tryptophan with very much lower levels than at 3.5 hr. At 9.0 hr, there was no vigabatrin peak in either the placenta or the embryo. Conclusions: Maternal exposure to VGB results in peak levels of the drug after 3.5 hr in the placenta and embryo. Methionine concentration is most severely affected in VGB-treated mothers, placentas, and fetuses. We speculate that this deficiency could be a possible mechanism for the teratogenic effects of vigabatrin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis