Plasma cell-free metagenomic next-generation sequencing (cf-mNGS) is a non-invasive method that may be able to identify thousands of pathogens through a hypothesis-free approach. There is a lack of consensus on how this test compares to conventional microbiologic testing. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies evaluating the accuracy of plasma cf-mNGS in hospitalized patients and present pooled estimates of the positive (PPA) and negative percent agreement (NPA) compared to a composite reference standard that included all conventional microbiological testing and clinical history as assessed by an adjudication panel or clinical treatment team. Five retrospective studies (n = 552) were included. The majority of the patients (56%−88%) were immunocompromised. The pooled PPA was 67% (95% CI, 54%−81%) and the pooled NPA was 70% (95% CI, 63%−77%). The pooled diagnostic performance characteristics suggest that cf-mNGS provides limited evidence for ruling in or out the presence of infection as commonly used.
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2023|
- cell-free DNA
- metagenomic next generation sequencing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases