Plasma von Willebrand factor and intestinal ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rats

Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Glenn Farrant, L. Jonathan Zwi, Misho O. Simovic, Tony Day, Martin J.D. Bonham, John A. Windsor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to determine whether plasma von Willebrand factor concentrations are correlated with the degree of intestinal ischaemia- reperfusion injury. Forty-six anaesthetised adult Wistar rats were divided into five groups. The sham-operated group (S, n=10) had laparotomy and isolation of the superior mesenteric artery without clamping. Three ischaemia-reperfusion groups (n = 10 in each) had clamping of the superior mesenteric artery for 15, 30, and 45 minutes, respectively, and reperfusion for 15 minutes. A control group (C, n=6) had direct puncture of the heart to sample blood. Mean arterial pressure was measured continuously. Blood was collected at the end of the study to measure von Willebrand factor. The small bowel injury was graded histologically. There was a significant systemic hypotension after declamping in all ischaemia-reperfusion groups, which had a high negative correlation with the histological score (R = -0.46, F = 10.1, p < 0.003, simple linear regression). Plasma yon Willebrand factor was significantly elevated in the three ischaemia-reperfusion groups compared with the control group but not significantly different from the sham-operated group (mean von Willebrand factor concentration (SEM): 156 (29), 283 (29), 295 (25), 381 (44), and 366 (40)% in C, S, ischaemia-reperfusion 15, ischaemia-reperfusion 30, and ischaemia-reperfusion 45 groups, respectively). The concentration of von Willebrand factor was not correlated to the histological score (R = 0.22, F = 1.83, p < 0.2) or the degree of hypotension after the removal of the clamp (R = -0.22, F = 1.8, p < 0.2, simple linear regression). This study shows that von Willebrand factor concentration does not correlate with the degree of intestinal ischaemia-reperfusion injury. It is unlikely that von Willebrand factor can be used as a predictor of disease severity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-358
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Intestinal ischaemia
  • Reperfusion injury
  • Von Willebrand factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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