Porosity-induced relaxation of strains in GaN layers studied by means of micro-indentation and optical spectroscopy

Adel Najar, Michel Gerland, Mustapha Jouiad

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29 Citations (Scopus)


We report the fabrication of porous GaN nanostructures using UV-assisted electroless etching of bulk GaN layer grown on c-plane sapphire substrate in a solution consisting of HF: CH 3 OH: H 2 O 2. The morphology of the porous GaN nanostructures was characterized for different etching intervals using high resolution scanning electron microscopy. The geometry and size of resultant pores do not appear to be affected by the etching time; however, the pore density was augmented for longer etching time. Micro-indentation tests were carried out to quantify the indentation modulus for different porous GaN nanostructures. Our results reveal a relationship between the elastic properties and the porosity kinetics, i.e., a decrease of the elastic modulus was observed with increasing porosity. The photoluminescence (PL) and Raman measurements carried out at room temperature for the etched samples having a high degree of porosity revealed a strong enhancement in intensity. Also, the peak of the PL wavelength was shifted towards a lower energy. The high intensity of PL was correlated to an increase of scattered photons within the porous media and to the reduction of the dislocation density.

Original languageEnglish
Article number093513
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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