Potential utilization of kenaf biomass in different applications

N. Saba, M. T. Paridah, M. Jawaid, K. Abdan, N. A. Ibrahim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kenaf is regarded as an industrial crop, and belongs to family Malvaceae along with hibiscus (Hibiscus hibiscum L.), hollyhock (Althaea rosea), cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), and okra (Hibiscus esculentus), and is grown commercially in different countries including Malaysia. It is undoubtedly the utmost important cultivated plant for fiber globally, next to cotton, a short day, herbaceous 4000 years old, original crop which is endemic to ancient Africa. It has a precise promising prospect because of its long fibers derived from outer fibrous bark, the bast with great potential in the biocomposite industry. The plants possess a wider range of adaptation to environments, climates, soils, and are rich sources of cellulose compared to any of other fiber plant in profitable manufacture industry. Kenaf reveals a virtuous source of high and improved quality cordage fiber which can be processed into a variety of goods such as fiber and particle boards, fiber-reinforced plastic components, pulp and paper, chemical absorbents, and many others. The tensile strength and modulus of solo kenaf fiber is found to be as high as 11.9 and 60 GPa, respectively. All the components of kenaf plant, leaves, seeds, bast fiber, and core, are of industrial importance. The countless variabilities in the utilization of kenaf only because of its appropriateness as construction material (such as boards of different densities, breadths, along with fire and insect resistance), adsorbent, textile, livestock feed, and fibers in original and reprocessed plastics are demonstrated by many recent studies and research efforts are increasing nowadays. Numerous other kenaf fiber products are also being developed and marketed. Thus, it is important to gather the information of its constituents and the matters governing the composition of the plant.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages1-34
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9783319138473
ISBN (Print)9783319138466
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Antioxidant
  • Composite
  • Geotextiles
  • Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.)
  • Natural fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Economics,Econometrics and Finance
  • General Business,Management and Accounting
  • General Environmental Science

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