Potentially treatable causes of poor outcome in acute stroke patients with urinary incontinence

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Objective - To identify potentially treatable clinical risk factors responsible for poor outcome in acute stroke patients with urinary incontinence. Material and methods - All acute stroke patients admitted to our hospital within a 12-month period were considered for inclusion in this observational prospective study. Their clinical details were recorded prospectively duuring the hospital stay and a 3 months. Results - Two hundred and fifteen patients with complete records were enrolled in the study. After adjusting for age, disability, and comorbidity, urinary incontinence at admission was a significant predictor of stroke death at 3 months [hazard ratio 2.8 (95% CI 1.3-5.8), P = 0.006]. Stroke patients incontinent of urine were malnourished and had an increased risk of infective complications during the hospital stay compared with those without incontinence. Conclusion - Part of the poor outcome associated with incontinence of urine after acute stroke may be due to treatable conditions such malnutrition and infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Incontinence
  • Malnutrition infection
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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