Predicting Length of Stay for Cardiovascular Hospitalizations in the Intensive Care Unit: Machine Learning Approach

Belal Alsinglawi, Fady Alnajjar, Omar Mubin, Mauricio Novoa, Mohammed Alorjani, Ola Karajeh, Omar Darwish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Predicting Cardiovascular Length of stay based hospitalization at the time of patients' admitting to the coronary care unit (CCU) or (cardiac intensive care units CICU) is deemed as a challenging task to hospital management systems globally. Recently, few studies examined the length of stay (LOS) predictive analytics for cardiovascular inpatients in ICU. However, there are almost scarcely real attempts utilized machine learning models to predict the likelihood of heart failure patients length of stay in ICU hospitalization. This paper introduces a predictive research architecture to predict Length of Stay (LOS) for heart failure diagnoses from electronic medical records using the state-of-art- machine learning models, in particular, the ensembles regressors and deep learning regression models. Our results showed that the gradient boosting regressor (GBR) outweighed the other proposed models in this study. The GBR reported higher R-squared value followed by the proposed method in this study called Staking Regressor. Additionally, The Random forest Regressor (RFR) was the fastest model to train. Our outcomes suggested that deep learning-based regressor did not achieve better results than the traditional regression model in this study. This work contributes to the field of predictive modelling for electronic medical records for hospital management systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5442-5445
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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