Preparation and Characterization of Blank and Nerolidol-Loaded Chitosan–Alginate Nanoparticles

Rahaf M. Ahmad, Yaser E. Greish, Hesham F. El-Maghraby, Loay Lubbad, Yahia Makableh, Fayez T. Hammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, there has been a growing interest in using natural products as treatment alterna-tives in several diseases. Nerolidol is a natural product which has been shown to have protective effects in several conditions. The low water solubility of nerolidol and many other natural products limits their delivery to the body. In this research, a drug delivery system composed of alginate and chi-tosan was fabricated and loaded with nerolidol to enhance its water solubility. The chitosan–alginate nanoparticles were fabricated using a new method including the tween 80 pre-gelation, followed by poly-ionic crosslinking between chitosan negative and alginate positive groups. Several characterization techniques were used to validate the fabricated nanoparticles. The molecular interactions between the chitosan, alginate, and nerolidol molecules were confirmed using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The ultraviolet spectroscopy showed an absorbance peak of the blank nanopar-ticles at 200 nm and for the pure nerolidol at 280 nm. Using both scanning and transmission electron microscopy, the nanoparticles were found to be spherical in shape with an average size of 12 nm and 35 nm for the blank chitosan–alginate nanoparticles and the nerolidol-loaded chitosan–alginate nanoparticles, respectively. The nanoparticles were also shown to have a loading capacity of 51.7% and an encapsulation efficiency of 87%. A controlled release profile of the loaded drug for up to 28 h using an in vitro model was also observed, which is more efficient than the free form of nerolidol. In conclusion, chitosan–alginate nanoparticles and nerolidol loaded chitosan–alginate nanoparticles were successfully fabricated and characterized to show potential encapsulation and delivery using an in vitro model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1183
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2022


  • alginate
  • chitosan
  • hydrophobic
  • nanoparticles
  • nerolidol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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