Preparation and characterization of expanded clay-paraffin wax-geo-polymer composite material

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Paraffin-based phase change material (PCM) is impregnated into the pores of lightweight expanded clay aggregate (LECA) through vacuum impregnation to develop PCM containing macro-capsules of LECA. Three different grades of LECA varying in size and morphology are investigated to host the PCM to determine the impregnation effectiveness, viability for coating, and its stability. The produced LECA-PCM is coated with geopolymer paste (GP) to provide leak proofing during the phase change. The PCM is thermophysically characterized by employing differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the temperature history method (THM) to determine the phase transition and the latent heat. The stability of the macro-capsules is determined by weight loss through rapid thermal cycling (RTC) at elevated temperatures. Leakage of the PCM is tested using the diffusion-oozing circle test (DOCT). The results show that the GP coated LECA-PCM macro-capsules achieved 87 wt % impregnation efficiencies and no noticeable loss of PCM, which indicates leak proofing of the developed capsules up to 1000 RTC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2191
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 6 2018


  • Expanded clay
  • Geo-polymer coating
  • Macro-encapsulation
  • Phase change material
  • Vacuum impregnation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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