Prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis in Saudi end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis

Moeber M. Mahzari, Ahmed R. Alibrahim, Nawaf A. Alghamdi, Muatassem A. Alsadhan, Saad M. Almoamary, Emad M. Masuadi, Awad S. Al Shahrani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis is characterized by a decrease in bone mineral density, thereby increasing the risk of pathological fractures. It is a common complication of chronic kidney disease. However, there is limited local data on the prevalence of osteoporosis in end-stage renal disease. Objective: The current study evaluated the epidemiology of osteoporosis in end-stage rental disease patients at a Saudi Arabian tertiary care center. Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted using data obtained between 1 January 2016 and 31 December 2019 at the Dialysis Center at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. End-stage rental disease patients who were aged ≥50 years and underwent hemodialysis for at least 1 year were included, while those with documented metabolic bone disease and absence of bone mineral density data were excluded. Results: Sixty-four end-stage rental disease patients undergoing hemodialysis met the inclusion criteria. The patients underwent bone mineral density measurement at the discretion of the treating physician. The mean patients' age was 73 ± 11.5 years and 76% were women. The overall prevalence of osteoporosis was 37.5%, and it was similarly distributed among women and men (38.8% and 33.3%, respectively). Nine of the 15 male patients (60%) and 24 of the 49 female patients (49%) had fractures. Twenty-five (39%) patients used glucocorticoids. Osteoporosis was most commonly identified in the femoral neck (26.2%), followed by proximal femur (19.4%), and lumbar spine (18.8%). A high rate of osteoporosis was significantly associated with older age and being underweight. Conclusion: A high rate of low bone mineral density was demonstrated in end-stage renal disease patients. The femoral neck was the most common osteoporosis site in this patient population, and advanced age and underweight were possible risk factors for low bone mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-265
Number of pages7
JournalSaudi Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • end-stage renal disease
  • osteopenia
  • osteoporosis
  • prevalence
  • Saudi Arabia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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