Prevalence of antenatal depression: Comparison between Pakistani and Canadian women

Syed Mahboob Ali Shah, Angela Bowen, Iqbal Afridi, Gul Nowshad, Nazeem Muhajarine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To study the prevalence and correlates of depression in pregnant women of different cultures. Methods: We used a score of 13 or greater on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to indicate depression status and logistic regression to determine its correlates in pregnant women from Northern Pakistan (n=128), Caucasian (n=128) and Aboriginal (n=128) women from Saskatchewan, Canada. Results: A higher proportion of Pakistani women (48.4%) had depression compared to their Aboriginal (31.2%) and Caucasian (8.6%) counterparts. Depression was associated with poor physical health in all women; however, there were unique correlates of antenatal depression in each group: physical abuse in Pakistani women (AOR=4.40:95% CI, 1.15-16.85), sexual abuse in Aboriginal women (AOR=3.02:95% CI, 1.09-8.40), and low income in Caucasian women (AOR=5.74:95% CI, 1.04-31.78). Conclusion: Depression is a substantial public health problem among pregnant women, with women in Pakistan having a much higher burden of antenatal depression than their Canadian counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-246
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


  • Antenatal depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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