Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in homeless individuals in the Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia

Tsegaye Shamebo, Sindew Mekesha, Muluwork Getahun, Balako Gumi, Beyene Petros, Gobena Ameni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Homeless individuals are at a high risk of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) as compared to the general population. The number of homeless individuals has been increasing in Addis Ababa City during the last three decades due to the migration of rural inhabitants to the City for better living conditions. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and evaluate associated risk factors in homeless individuals in Addis Ababa City. Methods: A total of 5,600 homeless individuals were screened for PTB symptoms using WHO guideline between February 2019 and December 2020. Sputum samples were cultured from individuals with symptoms of PTB for mycobacterial isolation. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with PTB. Results: The prevalence of bacteriologically confirmed cases was 1.1% (59/5,600) or 10.54 per 1000 population. Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that being homeless for more than 5 years, body mass index (BMI) < 18.5, smoking cigarette, living in a group of more than five individuals, close contact with chronic coughers, imprisonment and HIV infection were significantly associated with the prevalence of PTB in homeless individuals (P < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, the result of this study indicated that the prevalence of PTB in homeless individuals was higher than the prevalence of PTB in the general population of Addis Ababa City requiring for the inclusion of the homeless individuals in the TB control program.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1128525
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Addis Ababa City
  • homeless individuals
  • prevalence
  • pulmonary tuberculosis
  • risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in homeless individuals in the Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this