Prevalence of type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes mellitus in women of childbearing age in Middle East and North Africa, 2000-2017: Protocol for two systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Rami H. Al-Rifai, Faisal Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) in women of childbearing age may affect the fetus, thereby accelerating the intergenerational risk of DM. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is experiencing a growing epidemic of DM. We aim to conduct two systematic reviews to summarize the burden of DM in women of childbearing age in the MENA region. In the systematic review 1, we aim to (1) systematically aggregate the evidence on type 2 DM (T2DM) and prediabetes and (2) to synthesize overall estimate on the prevalence of T2DM and overall estimate on the prevalence of prediabetes, in women of childbearing age (15-49 years). In the systematic review 2, we aim to (1) systematically aggregate the evidence on gestational DM (GDM) and (2) to synthesize overall estimate on the prevalence of GDM in pregnant women. Methods: For systematic reviews 1 and 2, we will conduct a comprehensive search of the literature published in six electronic databases (MEDLINE-PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, and Academic Search Complete). Variant and broad search terms will be designed to identify epidemiologic studies on the prevalence of T2DM and prediabetes in women of childbearing age, and GDM in pregnant women, published between 2000 and 2017. The MENA region will be defined according to the World Bank Country and Lending Groups. Retrieved citations will be screened, and data from the eligible research reports against specific eligibility criteria will be extracted. The findings of each systematic review will be reported separately following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Guidelines (PRISMA). Discussion: Published literature on the prevalence of different types of DM among different population groups has been recently increased in the MENA region. This is the first review to fill an evidence gap on the overall burden, in the form of prevalence, of T2DM, prediabetes, and GDM in women of childbearing age in the MENA region. The findings of the two reviews will help in understanding the regional burden of these three types of DM in specific population groups to identify priority areas for interventions. Systematic review registration: The PROSPERO registration number for the systematic review 1 is " CRD42017069231 " dated 12/06/2017 and for the systematic review 2 is " CRD42018100629 " dated 18/06/2018.

Original languageEnglish
Article number96
JournalSystematic reviews
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 18 2018

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • MENA region
  • Meta-analysis
  • Middle East and North Africa region
  • Systematic review
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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