Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associated comorbidities among Abu Dhabi Emirates population

Amal Abdul Rahim Al Zarooni, Fatima Ibrahim Al Marzouqi, Salma Hamad Al Darmaki, Engela Adriana Margrietha Prinsloo, Nico Nagelkerke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The study explored the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, its seasonal variation and associated comorbidities among the Abu Dhabi Emirati population living in urban and suburban settings. Result: Of the 12,346 participants 36.9% were male and 63.1% female. The majority (72%) were either vitamin D deficient (< 50 nmol/L), or (10%) vitamin D insufficient (50-74 nmol/L). Vitamin D deficiency was similar in both sexes (male 83.1% vs female 83.8%) as insufficiency (male 12.7% vs female 11.2%). Low vitamin D levels were associated with high blood pressure, high body mass index, central obesity, high cholesterol, impaired blood glucose levels and a high Framingham risk score. The mean vitamin D level was highest in January (winter) and lowest in July (summer).

Original languageEnglish
Article number503
JournalBMC Research Notes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 14 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Impaired glucose
  • Obesity
  • Vitamin D deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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