Insulin and glucagon have been isolated from the Brockmann bodies of the flounder, a teleostean fish, and their primary structures established by automated Edman degradation. The A-chain of flounder insulin shows strong homology to the A-chains from the coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch; 100%) and the anglerfish (Lophius americanus; 95%) but homologies in the B-chain region are weaker (salmon 79%, anglerfish 83%). Flounder insulin B-chain contains the novel sequence Val-Val-Pro-Pro at the NH2 terminus and the highly conserved seryl residue at position 10 (B 9 in mammals) is replaced by an alanyl residue. Flounder glucagon is identical to anglerfish glucagon II but shows four amino acid substitutions compared with salmon glucagon.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology