Probing lewis acid sites in Sn-Beta zeolite

Sounak Roy, Kevin Bakhmutsky, Eyas Mahmoud, Raul F. Lobo, Raymond J. Gorte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)


The adsorption properties of framework Sn sites in a siliceous zeolite beta were examined by comparing the adsorption of acetonitrile, diethyl ether, and 2-methyl-2-propanol on a Sn-Beta zeolite, a purely siliceous Beta zeolite, and a siliceous Beta zeolite with impregnated SnO2, using temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Adsorption stoichiometries close to one molecule per framework Sn site were observed for each of the probe molecules. Although the 1:1 complexes with acetonitrile and diethyl ether decompose reversibly upon mild heating in vacuo, the 1:1 complex formed by 2-methyl-2-propanol underwent dehydration to butene and water over a very narrow temperature range centered at 410 K. FTIR spectra of acetonitrile-d3 at a coverage of one molecule per site exhibit a υ(C-N) stretching frequency at 2312 cm-1 that is not observed with nonframework Sn, providing a convenient method for characterizing the presence of framework Sn sites. Water interacts strongly enough with the Sn sites to prevent adsorption of acetonitrile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
JournalACS Catalysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 5 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Lewis acid base complexes
  • Lewis catalysis
  • Sn-Beta
  • temperature programmed desorption
  • tin zeolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Probing lewis acid sites in Sn-Beta zeolite'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this