Progress in polymeric and metallic brake pads: A comprehensive review

B. Bilvatej, J. Naveen, N. Karthikeyan, M. N.F. Norrrahim, Victor Feizal Knight, M. Jawaid, M. T.H. Sultan, Mallikarjuna Reddy Dagalahal, M. Chandrasekar, Tamil Moli Loganathan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The use of asbestos in brake pads is being eliminated due to its carcinogenic effect. Due to this, there is a need for better alternative in the brake pad material to replace asbestos fibers. This leads to the development of more natural fibers/filler-based brake pads which are safer to the environment, cheaper, and readily available. Moreover, bio fillers-based brake pads have shown excellent performance compared to asbestos. This paper addresses the different composition of brake pad materials and manufacturing techniques. Common binders like epoxy resin, Phenolic resin-based brake pads were analyzed and its effect on the mechanical, tribological, and thermal performance were critically analyzed. Also, the performance of metal matrix-based brake pad has been analyzed in detail. It has been observed that utilizing natural fibers as a reinforcement provides an excellent braking performance compared to metallic and carbon fiber-based brake pads. This research will open new avenues towards “Net Zero.”.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-25
Number of pages23
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Brake pads
  • epoxy resin
  • friction
  • natural fiber composites
  • phenolic resin
  • wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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