Properties of cement-based materials containing cathode-ray tube (Crt) glass waste as fine aggregates—a review

Jad Bawab, Jamal Khatib, Hilal El-Hassan, Lateef Assi, Mehmet Serkan Kırgız

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Among many alternatives to replace sand in cement-based materials, cathode-ray tube (CRT) glass emerges as a suitable replacement for many reasons. This paper provides a state-of-the-art review on the use of cathode-ray tube (CRT) glass waste in cement-based concrete and mortar in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. The new aspects of the research are the literature coverage up to 2021 which would make it distinct from other articles. This review would act as a catalyst to use CRT glass waste in concrete mixtures. A total of 61 papers from literature were analyzed with emphasis on the fresh, mechanical, and durability performance of cement-based materials containing CRT glass waste as fine aggregates. The analysis revealed that the majority of the studies agreed that replacing sand with CRT glass waste increased the consistency where the low permeability of the CRT glass caused this effect. Strength of cement-based materials, on the other hand, decreased due to the weaker bond between the cement paste and the aggregates. The low water absorption of the CRT glass defined its effect on the durability properties of cement-based materials, such as drying shrinkage and water absorption capacity, leading to an improved performance. In addition, CRT glass waste activated the alkali-silica reaction in cement-based materials causing undesirable expansion. Additionally, several investigations proposed solutions to mitigate the lead leaching associated with the lead content found in the CRT glass. In general, it was assessed that CRT glass waste could be a valid component in the production of sustainable cement-based materials, especially for radiation shielding applications. The recommendations for future research are also suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11529
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2021


  • Cathode-ray tubes glass
  • Concrete
  • Electronic waste
  • Fine aggregates
  • Mortar
  • Recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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