A peptide with neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity was identified by radioimmunoassay in an extract of the brain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus using an antiserum raised against the conserved COOH-terminal region of mammalian neuropeptide Y. Purification of the peptide and determination of its primary structure showed that it was identical to peptide methionine-tyrosine (PMY), previously isolated from the intestine of the same species. Intraperitoneal injection of synthetic PMY (0.15 μg/g) into female lampreys undergoing final maturation before spawning produced a significant (P<0.05) decrease in plasma concentrations of estradiol compared with control lampreys injected with vehicle only. These data suggest the hypothesis that the observed decrease in the concentration of PMY-containing cells in the intestines of lampreys during upstream migration may correlate with the increase in circulating estradiol concentrations and final maturational processes.
- Peptide methionine-tyrosine (PMY)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience