Quantification of alkylresorcinol metabolites in urine by HPLC with coulometric electrode array detection

Anja Koskela, Anna Maria Linko-Parvinen, Perttu Hiisivuori, Adile Samaletdin, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Matti J. Tikkanen, Herman Adlercreutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Whole-grain rye and wheat cereals contain high amounts of alkylresorcinols (ARs), phenolic lipids. ARs can be quantified in plasma. Two recently identified urinary AR metabolites, 3,5-dihydroxyphenylbenzoic acid (DHBA) and 3-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-1-propanoic acid (DHPPA), may be useful as biomarkers of intake of whole-grain rye and wheat. Methods: We evaluated 4 pretreatment protocols for quantifying urinary DHBA and DHPPA using HPLC coupled with a coulometric electrode array detector. Syringic acid was used as the internal calibrator. Results: Measured urinary concentrations of DHBA and DHPPA were 0.8-115 μmol/L. The mean recoveries of all added concentrations were 85%-104% for DHBA and 86%-99% for DHPPA, depending on the degree of the purification. The protocol versions with less purification correlated well with the protocol including highest purification. The correlation coefficients (r2) were 0.9699-0.8153 for DHBA and 0.9854-0.8371 for DHPPA. Conclusion: Although the protocol with the most purification steps was most specific, all protocols were suitable for measuring DHBA and DHPPA in urine. The rapid protocol with simple hydrolysis could be used in large-scale clinical studies. Additional investigation is needed to clarify whether these metabolites are useful biomarkers of whole-grain intake and helpful in the exploration of its association with human diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380-1383
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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