Radioimmunoassay of substance P in lung perfusate

A. Nemmar, P. Gustin, A. Delaunois, J. F. Backers, J. Sulon

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10 Citations (Scopus)


A radioimmunoassay of the undecapeptide substance P (SP) and its application in rabbit lung superfusate has been developed. The assay was based on the use of a radioactive tracer, 125I-SP-Tyr8, which showed, with an excess of antibodies, a specific binding greater than 90% and a nonspecific binding lower than 2%. This tracer was stable for 4 weeks at - 20°C. Its specific radioactivity was 384 Ci/mmol. The assay's lower limit of detection was 10 pg/ml (0.7 fmol). The determination of SP in rabbit lung perfusate required extraction and concentration using octadecylsilane cartridges. Under these conditions, the recovery of SP from experiments on lung perfusates (n = 4) was 75.0 ± 4.5%, and the intraassay and interassay coefficients of variation were 7.3 ± 1.9% and 10.7 ± 1.3%, respectively. Amounts of SP released in rabbit lung perfusates were determined following stimulation of pulmonary C fibers with capsaicin (10-4 M). During the stimulation period, the values of SP from lung perfusates (n = 6) increased significantly when compared with baseline values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • C fibers
  • Rabbit lung
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Substance P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology


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